Swami Karpatriji Maharaj

Rohit Kumar Singh, Rashtriya Samyajak Yuva Chetna, writes in Hindi Daily “Sanmarg”
on 13th August, 2018 as follows :
Swami Karpatriji actively opposed all forces that undermine or restrict proliferation of noble Hindu heritage. He like a great public leader expanded the path of political renaissance.

Karpatriji was the first saint who considering welfare of the country as supreme, established a political party. He established in 1948 The Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad, based on cultural values of India. The party took part in the elections and in 1952 Lok Sabha elections the party won three seats in the Lok Sabha, which helped spread its influence in Hindu populated areas. In 1952, 1957 and 1962 Assembly elections this party won dozens of seats. Karpatriji had established Dharma Sangha about 30 years before the Viswa Hindu Parishad and the Ram Rajya Parishad were established.

Special report on Sri Karpatriji’s Birth Anniversary :
Large number of Indian Saints came together on the basis of consensus that all Hindu,
Muslim, Sikh, Christian should hold their first identity as Bharatiya and adopt Hindu cultural heritage. Since this did not materialise it was resolved that people irrespective of their sect should keep their names as per Bharatiya heritage and those who abide by this should be allowed to stay in India. It is well known that Karpatriji was a great supporter of Indian heritage. It is only due to this that he played a major role in the establishment of Viswa Hindu Parishad. After Swami Chinmayanand and Baba Saheb Apte conceived the plan to form a large Parishad comprising saints from across the world, Karpatriji extended his approval and took active part in it. He met the second Sarsangh chalak  Guruji and formulated the precincts and modalities for the functioning of the Viswa  Hindu Parishad. In fact Karpatriji was deeply worried at the erosion of values of Sanatan culture and Hindu Heritage. He was always prepared to perform any sacrifice for the protection of Sanatan Dharma. He never missed chances to appreciate those parties or organisations who tried for this conservation of Sanatan dharma and culture.

However, some believe that there was difference of opinion between Karpatriji’s
concept of Hindu heritage and that of Savarkar. But when accosted they slink away from the discussion. Karpatriji considered Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh as extremely  important in preserving and protecting Indian heritage. This view is supported from statements given by him. He said, “In spite of the strictness imposed by the Hindu Mahasabha or Ram Rajya Parishad the discipline achieved in the society has been induced by the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh through play of Kabaddi amongst the children. This is through the Grace Absolute of God. I also believe in what Guru
Golwalkar had stated that – the work of Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh is divine.
Swami Karpatriji is remembered for his contribution to spearhead the movement of
Cow protection and rendering it a national movement.

The issue was first raised in the Lok Sabha in 1952 by a Senior Congress leader Seth
Govind Lal Das to impose a ban on the slaughter of milch cows. This resolution was
not official and hence discussed in 1955. While on 2nd April, all the attending members were unanimous in their decision to pass the bill, Jawaharlal Nehru strongly opposed it and clarified that the same should not be entertained by the Lok Sabha and that if the same is passed he will outright resign from the post of Prime Minister. In spite of this, after five years the then Food Minister Rafi Ahmed Kidwai appreciated the bill and commented that a large population of the country regard cows as mother and their sentiments are hurt when cows are slaughtered, and hence the bill should be passed. But as a result of Nehru’s rigid stance though the Parliament members desisted from
raising the issue, Swami Karpatriji continued to alert and awaken his countrymen about the evils of cow slaughter and the need for a complete ban on it. As a result of this in the
sixth decade of the past century cow protection assumed the dimension of a national
movement. The movement had started after 10 years of independence. Karpatriji helped to unite all Saints and savants across the country to participate in the Cow protection movement.Jay Prakash Narayan, with a strong foresight having witnessed the raging fire wrote a letter to the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to intervene. But Smt Indira Gandhi took the caution from JP lightly. Due to this Swami Karpatriji and saints who were observing restraint, staged a demonstration in New Delhi on 7th November, 1966, which was attended by lakhs of devotees. They encircled the Parliament and demanded that all bill should be passed to close all slaughter houses. Instead of agreeing to consider passage of the bill the unarmed saints were sprayed with bullets. A number of saints and savants were killed. Even this did not deter Swami Karpatriji and he continued with padyatras through states. A number of states promulgated a ban on cow slaughter. The issue of cow slaughter is still a major concern for the country.

The cattle population was three times more than human population at the time of
independence. At that time the population of cows was 117 crores which is now down to
less than 25 crores. It is intriguing to observe that in spite of all birth control  programmes in progress, human population has exceeded far beyond 100 crores and with all the efforts to increase the milch cattle population as a part of white revolution, the population of milch cattle could not be increased to 25% of human population. The prime reason for this is pink revolution. It is extremely unfortunate that cows nourish all communities irrespective of religion and caste by it’s milk, but lacs of cows are slaughtered. When such merciless slaughter of cattle is interrupted, the same is termed communal and anarchical. On this day of his advent on earth we shall be really eligible to celebrate, when cow slaughter is totally banned in the country.

1. The fearful incident of thrashing and torture of saints by the Delhi police during the
public movement and afterwards deserves mention. In 1966-67 Indira Gandhi was
Prime Minister and Gulzarilal Nanda was Home Minister in the Congress Ministry and
the Cow Protection movement was in full swing. Shri Karapatriji Maharaj of Varanasi, Sri
Prabhudatt Brahmachari of Prayagraj,Allahabad, Jagadguru Shankaracharya Govardhan Peethadheesh Swami Niranjandev Teertha had all jointly initiated a strong movement demanding a complete ban on cow slaughter in the land of Bharat. A procession was taken out on the streets of New Delhi led by the great saint Swami Karapatriji with thousands of his followers, Hindu saints and a huge crowd of admirers which culminated outside Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi on 7th November 1966 (as per Hindu Panchang, Vikram’s arrival, Kartik Shukla Ashtami, famously known as Gopashtami among Hindus). (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/w.ki/1966 anti-cow slaughter agitation) The newspaper report says that when the procession was advancing one person in the garb of a semi nude saintly attire was found to ask another how he was here? (“Tu yahan kaise?”) The other also answered in the same words – “Tu yahan kaise?” –indicating that as a planned move, the crowd was infiltrated by potential antisocial elements who, at the first opportunity, turned the peaceful procession of saints into a violent one, ransacked and burnt down vehicles parked on the roadside using fuel to deflect and defame the movement launched by the renowned ascetics and saints, and pave the way for harsh
police action and arrest of the great saint along with other sadhus. A gathering of 10,000
advocates against cow slaughter, led by Hindu holy men tried to storm the Parliament but were prevented. A 48 hour curfew was ordered. All the meetings were banned. The crowd also attacked the then Congress President Kamraj’s Delhi residence and set it on fire. Many died in police firing to control the crowd. In the jail Swamiji abhorred impious food and kept on fast in the Tihar jail. On one night the lights within the jail suddenly went off, the jail bells started ringing and prisoners or intruders (?) brutally attacked Swamiji and other cow sevakas, beat them up mercilessly and Swamiji was badly hit
on his eye. Apprehending a backlash from the cow loving Hindu community outside, Mr.
Nanda met Swamiji, next morning in the jail, requesting him to tell who had actually beaten, and so dangerously injured him. Swamiji simply said, “mere durdaiva ne
mara hai”– i.e. my providence has hit me. A saint of saints that he was, he never retorted
that I am in your custody. The jail gates are opened by your men by the midnight after the lights are switched off, and this savagery is perpetrated on saints, shouldn’t you be held responsible for this planned attack on innocent saints?

The Shankaracharya Niranjandev Teerth, Swami Karpatriji Maharaj, Sri Prabhudutt
Brahamachari, Jain Muni Sushil Kumar observed a fast for prolonged periods. Sri
Ramchandra Veer fasted for 166 days, demanding the center to implement a total ban
on cow slaughter across the country. During this period Sri Gulzarilal Nanda happened to visit the renowned saint and Mahapurush Sri Sri Thakur Sitaramdas Omkarnath, who asked him, ‘What do you want! Do you want us to practise and propagate our dharma or that we wage a war against the government?’ Sri Gulzarilal Nanda, Home Minister resigned taking responsibility for the administrative failure to maintain law and order.
In a providential turn of events, after 22 years the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in her second term, was most unfortunately assassinated by her own security personnel on
the Gopashtami day of 31st October, in 1984.

2. Swami Karpatriji who presided over the function of Srimat Shri Upendramohan’s
Centenary Celebration at Leela Niketan in January 1973 in Prayag, in his presidential
speech referred to Shastra Dharma Prachar Sabha as “will get cut but remain unmoved. ” At his Ashram in Varanasi the priority and love he had bestowed on the sevaka of Shastra Dharma Prachar Sabha (the present editor) remains unforgettable. He vehemently fought to stall the passage of the mother violating Hindu code in the Parliament when Nehru was himself caught in a dilemma, (fearing a Hindu backlash)
but had to give in to the pressures from B. R. Ambedkar who foolishly thought of modernising the sacred Hindu culture. This amounted to cleansing a divine temple with a broom stick besmeared with night soil, and usurping the sanctity of Hindu social laws.

Sanctity of Hindu social laws: Hinduism has been ever guided by the Shastras and Shastras alone. A Hindu therefore must obey the Shastras. If he does not, he ceases to be a Hindu and has no right to masquerade as such. Sir James Fitz – James Stephen, one of the foremost jurists said :–

‘It appears to me that the Hindu Law and religion on the subject of marriage are one and
the same thing, that they must be adopted as a whole, or renounced as a whole, that if a
man objects to the Hindu Law of marriage, he objects to an essential part of the Hindu
religion, ceases to be a Hindu, and must be dealt with according to the laws which relate
to persons in such a position…. I should be grieved at the thought that the English civilisation was a blind agent of destruction, like the cannon ball shattering that may reach and shattering what it reaches… Be a Hindu or not as you please; but be one thing or the other, and do not ask us to undertake the impossible task of constructing some compromise between Hinduism and non-Hinduism which will enable you to evade the necessity of knowing your own mind.’

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