The Rohingya are a Muslim minority population living mainly in the state of Arakan,
in Myanmar (Burma). Although approximately 800,000 Rohingya live in Myanmar, and
apparently their ancestors were in the country for centuries, the Burmese government does not recognize Rohingya people as citizens. People without a state, the Rohingya face harsh persecution in Myanmar, and in refugee camps in neighbouring Bangladesh and Thailand as well.
The first Muslims to settle in Arakan were in the area by the 1400s CE. Many served in the court of the Buddhist King Narameikhla (Min Saw Mun), who ruled Arakan in the 1430s, and who welcomed Muslim advisers and courtiers into his capital. Arakan is on the western border of Burma, near what is now Bangladesh, and the later Arakanese kings modeled themselves after the Mughal emperors, even using Muslim titles for their
military and court officials.
In 1785, Buddhist Burmese from the south of the country conquered Arakan.
They drove out or executed all of the Muslim Rohingya men they could find; some 35,000 of Arakan’s people likely fled into Bengal, then part of the British Raj in India.As of 1826, the British took control of Arakan after the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-26). They encouraged farmers from Bengal to move to the depopulated area of Arakan, both Rohingyas originally from the area and native Bengalis.
The sudden influx of immigrants from British India sparked a strong reaction from the mostly- Buddhist Rakhine people living in Arakan at the time, sowing the seeds of ethnic tension that remain to this day.
1. When World War II broke out, Britain abandoned Arakan in the face of Japanese
expansion into Southeast Asia. In the chaos of Britain’s withdrawal, both Muslim and Buddhist forces took the opportunity to inflict massacres on one another.
Many Rohingya still looked to Britain for protection, and served as spies behind
Japanese lines for the Allied Powers. When the Japanese discovered this connection,
they embarked on a hideous program of torture, rape and murder against the
Rohingyas in Arakan. Tens of thousands of Arakanese Rohingyas once again fled into
Bengal. Between the end of World War II and General Ne Win’s coup d’etat in 1962, the
Rohingyas advocated for a separate Rohingya nation in Arakan. When the military junta took power in Yangon, however, it cracked down hard on Rohingyas, separatists and non-political people alike. It also denied Burmese citizenship to the Rohingya people, defining them instead as stateless Bengalis.
2. Reacting to the insurgent attacks on some police outposts and an army camp on August 25, 2017 the Myanmar security forces have unleashed a ‘war’ of sorts on the Rohingya Muslims – an ethnic minority group living for centuries in the Rakhine state of Myanmar – burning down their villages, killing their men and raping their women, committing what can be termed as ‘crimes against humanity’ that have resulted in nearly 500 dead and nearly 200,000 taking shelter in Bangladesh, which has hosted
Rohingya refugees for more than three decades in varying numbers depending on the level of oppression across the border.
Myanmar, then called Burma, became independent in 1948 from the British, a year
after the latter’s withdrawal from the Indian subcontinent in 1947. Geographically Rakhine state, where the current conflict is taking place, is separated from the rest of Myanmar by a barren mountain range.Today the Rohingyas are about 1.1 million
Muslim citizens of the Rakhine state but are not recognised legally as one of the 135 ethnic groups constituting a part of the citizenry of Myanmar.
In this regard the emergence of ARSA (Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army) is something that should concern all. In the early hours of August 25 this group, whose Arabic name is Harakah al-Yaqin simultaneously attacked 30 police posts and an army base in the northern side of the Rakhine state. Twelve Myanmar troops and officials and 77 insurgents were killed.( Rohingya crisis should concern region, Mahfuz Anam, September 9, 2017 | The Statesman, Sept. 9, 2017- (The writer is Editor and
Publisher, The Daily Star)
3. Present distribution of Rohingya population in different countries:
Total population- 1,547,778 – – 2,000,000 Regions with significant populations:
Myanmar (Rakhine State), Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Thailand.
Myanmar :1.0–1.3 million (before 2016–17 crisis) Bangladesh: 670,000+ (in 2017 as refugees from Myanmar) Pakistan : 200,000, India : 40,000, Thailand : 100,000
Percentage of population shared by different religious groups in Rakhine: Buddhists-52.2; Moslems- 42.7; Christians- 2.8; Hindus- 0.5; Others: 1.8 (Statistics qouted by Prof.
Subhomoy Maitra, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata in Ei Samay, Sept. 14, 2017)
4. Former RSS ideologue K.N. Govindacharya today filed a plea in the Supreme Court seeking deportation of Rohingya Muslims, claiming they are being used by “al Qaida for terror and jihad” and this could “lead to another partition of the country”. Further, it has been widely reported that al Qaida is trying to use the Rohingya community for terror and jihad. Govindacharya opposes the plea of two Rohingya refugees, which would come up for hearing on September 11 before a bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, saying they are a burden on country’s resources and pose serious threat to national
security.” The Union government’s decision has not been made in haste. The government,
prior to taking this decision, has consulted the national security adviser, the Intelligence Bureau Director, besides top officers of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and other intelligence agencies. Accordingly, “Rohingyas must be deported from India owing to the threat they pose to national security,” the application said. Govindacharya and Rohit Pandey cited a Delhi High Court order of 2008 permitting the expulsion of illegal Bangladeshi migrants on the ground that their presence had serious implications for internal security. The high court had held that “those who have illegally migrated to India or trespassed into have no legal right of any kind to remain and are liable to be deported”. “It is well settled in international law that the persons who reside in the territories of countries of which they are not nationals, possess a special status under international law. States have a right to expel them and refuse to grant them
certain rights enjoyed by their own nationals.” Govindacharya and Rohit Pandey, an advocate said in their plea that “it is clear from the above judgment that illegal immigrants have no fundamental right to stay in India and, accordingly, the Union
government has the power to deport them”.They also referred to an apex court judgment
of March this year directing the Centre to initiate work on border-fencing to check the influx of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants into Assam. The application points out that “a large number of Rohingya have settled in the state of Jammu and Kashmir”. “Most of these Rohingya have settled in the area of Jammu. Article 370 of the Constitution
imposes many restrictions on Indians from other states to stay in the state. A public interest litigation has also been brought before J&K High Court on these grounds seeking removal of Rohingyas from the state. “If Indians are not allowed to stay in Jammu and Kashmir, how can the illegally immigrated Rohingya community be permitted to stay near the sensitive Pakistan border?” the application said. (New Delhi, Sept. 8: Our Legal
Correspondent ‘Terror’ plea against Rohingyas The Telegraph September 9, 2017)
5. A joint statement issued towards at the end of Modi’s visit to Myanmar said, India would help to “bring about overall socio- economic development in the (Rakhine) state by undertaking infrastructure and socio- economic projects”. India will work on projects in areas of “education, health, agriculture, agro processing, construction
of small bridges, upgradation of roads, small power projects, livelihood activity,
setting up of training centres, promotion of household crafts, conservation of
environment and cultural heritage,” the statement said.
6. Coupled with New Delhi’s stated determination to deport illegal Rohingya refugees, India is on the cusp of being charged with insensitivity to a ‘humanitarian crisis.’
Certainly, India has shown no willingness to open its doors to another refugee
influx. International human rights bodies that have already charged Aung San Suu Kyi,
Nobel Prize winner and yesterday’s symbol of democracy, with collusion in a “genocide”
are certain to add Modi to their list of villains.Bangladesh’s Sheikh Hasina too has been
targeted for her ambivalence. Before rushing to denounce the Modi government for
insensitivity and anti-Muslim bias, it may be instructive to examine the rationale of India’s wariness. It is estimated that there are some 40,000 Rohingyas already settled
here. The bulk of them are illegal immigrants, although many flaunt Aadhaar and voter cards.What is, however,intriguing is that an estimated 20,000 of the Rohingyas in India have chosen to settle in the Jammu and Ladakh regions of Jammu and Kashmir. The others are scattered over Delhi, Mewat region of Haryana, Kolkata and Hyderabad.The
Myanmar border is a very long way from Jammu and Ladakh. That the Rohingyas have
silently moved into these regions –but, interestingly, not the Kashmir Valley– suggests some planning and organisation. In the previous session of Parliament, an issue
was raised but there has been no answer from the government. Social media, however,
resonates with conspiracy theories.
Secondly, while there is a compelling case for the international community pressuring
Myanmar to give civic rights to all the residents of the Rakhine province– and not merely
Buddhists, it is also necessary to be mindful of the politics of the insurgency.
The origin of the conflict goes back to 1943- 44 when the British armed the Rohingyas to
wage a guerrilla war against the occupying Japanese. The Muslim Rohingya leadership, however, turned on local Buddhists and triggered a civil war. In 1947 and 1948, the Rohingya leadership sought the merger of Rakhine with East Pakistan, an ill-considered move that opened the community to charges of disloyalty. Since then, a low-intensity Muslim insurgency has plagued the Rakhine province, a problem made worse
by military overkill. Since the 1980s Rohingya separatism has steadily acquired an Islamist dimension. The main group on the ground is the Harakah-al-Yaqin (HaY) which, according to an International Crisis Group (ICG) report of 2016, is controlled by a 20-man group of Rohingya expatriates based in Mecca and Medina.Many of them have received military training in Pakistan and Afghanistan and have imparted training to their cadres in Rakhine. The HaY has been funded by supporters in West Asia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and, even India– recall the violence in Mumbai in August 2012. The HaY also enjoys the support of Muslim clerics in Rakhine.
The ICG report writes that, at HaY’s “prompting, senior Rohingya clerics and several foreign clerics have ruled that, given the persecution Muslim communities face in
Rakhine… the campaign against the security forces is legal in Islam and anyone opposing it is in opposition to Islam.” Providing sanctuary to Rohingya militants may salvage the West’s troubled conscience. For India, does it not also imply the creation of a Fifth Column in our midst? The choice today is between compassion and national security. (Rohingyas : The choice is between compassion and national security (September 10, 2017, Swapan Dasgupta in Right & Wrong | India, World)
7. In an exclusive interview with America during a visit to Rome, the cardinal-
archbishop of Yangon, Cardinal Charles Maug Bo age 68, explained that his country
of some 55 million people is “on the road to democracy” under the de facto leadership of
the state counsellor and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and her
government. But “it has still not reached that goal.” Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s party, the
National League for Democracy, won the national elections in November 2015, and after
a peaceful transition to power, took the reins of government on March 31, 2016. “But the
reality is that the military still holds the balance of power in the country,” the cardinal said, controlling not just Parliament but the Ministries of Defense and Home Affairs as
well as the country’s borders. “The political situation is delicate.” Nevertheless, Cardinal
Bo said, “Since coming to power, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and her party have brought lots of improvement in the country, including in civil administration and taxation. Things are going well.” There is freedom of speech in the press, and there are many free television channels, whereas in the past there was just the government and the military channels. Now people feel free to comment on the situation in the country. Over 70 percent of the population have smartphones,(https://www. americamagazine.org / Exclusive: Cardinal Bo describes Myanmar’s difficult path to democracy by Gerard O’Connell, July 28, 2017).
8. Terming Rohingya refugees as a threat to national security, Union home minister
Rajnath Singh said on Tuesday that the issue will be dealt with a firm hand. In August, the Centre had declared that the Rohingyas pose serious security challenges as they may be recruited by terror groups, and asked the state governments to identify and deport them. A communication issued by the Union ministry of home affairs said the infiltration of these refugees from the Rakhine state of Myanmar to several parts of the country
infringes on the rights of Indian citizens, besides burdening the limited resources of the
Last month, Union MoS for Home Kiren Rijiju had said that over 40,000 Rohingyas
staying illegally in India were largely located in Jammu, Hyderabad, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR and Rajasthan. To ensure the safety of civilians inhabiting the border areas, the Centre has decided to construct bunkers. “80 bunkers have already been built and more are coming up,” Singh assured, adding that the security situation in the Valley has significantly improved as compared to 2016. (Rohingyas threat to national security: Rajnath by Sanjay Khajuria| TNN | Sep 12, 2017)
9. As we go through the history of Rohingyas, one of the most tortured races in the world, it reveals how they always fell prey to Islamic influence and indoctrination with resultant cultural crisis and lack of identity during the past seven centuries. Since the third century BC, Buddhism had spread from Nalanda in Bihar to Japan through Pakistan, Afganistan, Saudi Arabia, part of China, Tibet, Nepal, Indonesia, Malayasia, other south east asian countries, Thailand, Korea etc. with the help of merchants of central Asia, Tirthankars and emissaries. The larger part of this area was later invaded by Muslim rulers, who proselytised Buddhists en masse to Islam. After the conquest by Adi Shankaracharya and his Vedantic philosophy over Buddhism, Buddhism lost its sway over entire Bharat, but the Eastern part of Bengal and Western part of Sind continued to remain strong holds of Buddhism and thus free from the moorings of Varnashram Dharma. As a result of this they fell easy prey to the Islamic invaders and got proselytised. Removed from their own cultural heritage and cultural identity they were like a ship without radar. Gone was their calm and composure, and the glorious Hindu satwik achar that dissociates man from animals–
When the Bengali Hindus fled Bangladesh in 1971, they entered Bharat penniless tyrannised and tortured, women raped and ravished by Moslem Pakistani forces of Ayub Khan that actually beggars description. They came in thousands and in lakhs penniless, uprooted and devastated, mostly Hindus. Their moral integrity, commitment for truth and honesty, and faith in God’s dispensation was unparalleled only due to the sustained influence of Sanatan Dharma that makes a man perfect.
Hinduism is the only Religion in the World.The rest are sects, philosophies, opinions etc. Such salutary experiences from Bangladesh refugees have been detailed earlier in the pages of TRUTH.
10. This Indoctrination and propagation of Pan-Islamism is motivated and is a part
of a greater conspiracy as explained, lucidly, by Anwar Shaikh in his book –
“Islam – the Arab National Movement” (Published by the Principality Publishers, Cardiff, Great Britain).
a) In the preface of his now famous book, he writes, “The Prophet Mohammed divided
humanity into two sections– the Arabs and non-Arabs. According to this categorization
the Arabs are the rulers and the non-Arabs are to be ruled through the yoke of Arab
cultural imperialism: Islam is the means to realize this cultural dream because its
fundamentals raise superiority of Arabia sky-high, inflicting a corresponding inferiority on the national dignity of its non- Arab followers. From the Arabian point of view, this scheme looks marvelous, magnificent and mystifying but it is debilitating, derisory and
destructive to the non-Arab Moslems. Yet under its psychological impact they rejoice
in self debasement, hoping to be rewarded by the Prophet with the luxuries of paradise.”
b) “The Islamic love of mankind is a myth of even greater proportions. Hatred of non-
Muslims is the pivot of the Islamic existence. It not only declares all dissidents as the denizens of hell but also seeks to ignite a permanent fire of tension between the Moslems and non- Moslems; it is far more lethal than Karl Marx’s idea of Social Conflict which he hatched to keep his theory alive.”
c) “In view of its deep-rooted tendency of Arab-glorification, Islam does not qualify as a religion but the Arab National Movement. Its success lies in total brainwashing of its non-Arab believers who begin to deplore their own national roots to adore the Arab sanctity, superiority and supremacy.”
d) “Its spring is the mythical intercessory power of the Prophet Muhammad this psychological paralysis caused the decline of great Asian nations such as India, Egypt and Iran which once constituted as the great gushers of civilization but now rank as members of the“Third world” for losing their national identity and zest under the influence of Islam.”
e) Analyzing the situation critically, Anwar Shaikh further writes: “As the prophet loved
Arabia and its cultural tradition, the foreign Muslim nations started loving Arabia and its
traditions at the expense of their own countries and cultures. It should be noted that the Prophet hated infidels. As the ancestors of these foreign nations were invariably unbelievers, they started hating their own forefathers to love Arab heroes. The Prophet’s assertion that the Muslims are One Nation and infidels are another, accelerated
the process of the foreign Muslims unity with the Arabs, but as the behavioral model was
Arabian, the relation between the Arabs and the foreign Muslims became that of leader
and the led or the master and the slave.”
f) “This influence which was originally of individual nature, eventually penetrated the
foreign institutions. For example, most of the Muslim shrines are in Arabia, I.e. in Mecca and Medina, but all other shrines in the foreign lands are subordinated to the Arabian shrines.”
g) “This cultural following of the foreigners has assumed slavish mentality because whatever they think or do must conform to the patterns of thinking and doing set by the Arabian soil and culture. As a result, the foreign Muslims have little or no loyalty to their own motherlands of being devoid of national honour. This is nothing but the miracle of the Prophet who imposed the everlasting hegemony of his own people on Muslims of the foreign nations. I salute him and applaud his ingenuity because he has created similar relationship between Arabia and foreign Muslim countries as it exists between a burning lamp and a moth. These insects are impatient to cremate themselves on its flame without any coercion on the part of the lamp. This divine imperialism has no parallel in the history.”
h) “A peculiarity of Islam is that it glorifies violence and sanctifies murder and pillage of the non-Muslims and abduction of their women for spreading the name of Allah who claims to the All-Powerful, yet dependent on man for proclaiming His glory! He also calls Himself the most merciful, yet He sanctions the basest form of cruelty to those humans, who are not inclined to acknowledge Him as the Divine. Murder, Rape, Pillage, and Abduction etc. are the worst forms or moral vices, yet Allah adores them as virtues for the crusaders (Mujahedeens) who subjugated the non-Muslims to yoke of Islam.”
11. A targeted major thrust to transform Dar-ul-Harab to Dar-Ul-Islam and observe Dar-ul-Aman– i.e. express peace when weak, waiting for the appropriate hour to retaliate,
prompts sustained psychological pressure to usurp personal and social harmony, national stability and peace where ever they are. Rohingyas are no exception.
On one hand Suu Kyi hits out at ‘iceberg of misinformation’ over Rohingya crisis amid
concern over abuses, and on the otherIslamic terrorist organisations and Muslims from
countries, across Jakarta, India ( in Delhi, and especially Kolkata) and Middle east are
holding demonstrations demanding protection and rehabilitation of Rohingya refugees. ( The West Bengal Chief Minister says that she asked to depute strong police picket to stop
any possible attack or violence on the peaceful Muslim demonstrators by Hindu terrorists– Oh! What a noble statement and secular move).
12. Today, issues of humane egalitarianism or compassion and national security are poised between Islamic terrorism and brutal military dictatorship. For want of Dharma and a holistic vision, on both sides, humanity stands on the precipice of confusion and chaos. Poor Rohingyas, victims of prolonged indoctrination have fallen victim to their own overtures. In the end of Dwapara, in Kurukshetra war between Yudhisthira and Duryodhana representing respectively Dharma and sordid selfishness or Adharma, innumerable innocent soldiers from both sides were killed. This in spite of Lord Sri Krishna’s preceding all out efforts to avert the war. Peace was restored only after the dreadful mass annihilation.