Shri Ashok Kapur/New Delhi writes in The Statesman, Kolkata, 30th April, 2017 under the caption ‘Discovery of Bharat–I’ as follows:
The British were amazed to discover that this ancient land is dotted all over with priceless remains of several magnificent civilizations, dead and gone. Unhonoured and unsung, and, most tragically, undocumented. None of the ‘natives’ knew, or cared to notice and document when it all began, and where. Indian history again is a purely British invention, and transplanted into Bharat. The study of history was compulsory for the British administrators. After centuries of apathy, began the true discovery of the ancient land of Bharat.
It is undoubtedly the Great Indian Civilization. Today’s Indians are justifiably proud of the country’s rich heritage and glorious past. We never tire of showcasing our past to visitors and tourists who come to India and marvel at the ancient history of the “oldest civilization in the world”. It is an incredible tale of riches of its mind and its wealth, indeed the ‘Wonder that was India’.
Mohenjodaro and Harappa, the first ‘smart cities’ in the world, to use contemporary jargon, lay buried just at the subsurface, hidden from the eye. But the racial memory of these cities that once housed a great civilization has survived to this day, in the form of robust folklore in the surrounding villages. These ancient cities thrived around 5,000 years ago. The very name of the present-day settlement– Mohenjodaro, ‘the mound of the dead’– provided a clue, though none bothered to explore further for 5,000 years! What the mind does not query, the eye does not see.
The cave paintings of Ajanta and Ellora have similarly existed for more than 2000 years, away from public view in the forest of Aurangabad district in Maharashtra.Lord Curzon ruled India in the early 20th century, and he took the first concrete step to preserve and protect our ‘civilizational heritage’.He promulgated the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1903 to protect and safeguard our past…. It has rightly been said that as the past is mostly buried, archaeology is in a sense the beginning of history. The British then took the next logical step by setting up the Archaeological Survey of India in 1837 to survey, record and preserve our precious heritage.
The author further writes in his ‘Discovery of Bharat-II’ (The Statesman, 1 st May, 2017) that the advent of the British transformed a largely undiscovered Bharat into an India that is today justifiably proud of its unique civilisational heritage. Excavations revealed several Ashoka pillars were standing erect for centuries all over the sub-continent, delineating the boundaries of the first welfare The author further writes in his ‘Discovery of Bharat-II’ (The Statesman, 1st May, 2017) that the advent of the British transformed a largely undiscovered Bharat into an India that is today justifiably proud of its unique civilisational heritage. Excavations revealed several Ashoka pillars were standing erect for centuries all over the sub-continent, delineating the boundaries of the first welfare state in history, a federal setup as if holding up a model to follow for the present Indian state designed by independent India’s Constitution.
Sir James Princep, a young British civilian landed in Calcutta in the early 19th century for a job with the East India Company.Sir James learnt the language of the inscriptions– Bhrahmi– which was the lingua franca of the masses in ancient India. He discovered that the author was none other than the Great King Devanampia– ‘Beloved of the Gods’. But none of the pillars or rock edicts identified the Emperor or the time of his reign.He deciphered that Devanampia was King Ashoka the Great, who belonged to the Mauryan dynasty, circa 3rd century BC. By this single effort of great exertion, Sir James discovered Indian history, which was manifest all over the subcontinent, waiting to be decoded.
1.Shri Kapur is appreciative of the innovative and perseverant efforts made by English administrators and scholars in deciphering Brahmi inscriptions, Indian literature and sculpture etc. which once fell victim to the fanaticism of Islam and the so called enlightenment of Christianity, for a period of more than one millennia. Both the proselytizing religions emanated and evolved from the same source, adopted divergent tactics for conquest, largely to convert Hindus and destroy Hindu education system, its cultural past and glorious heritage. How dreadful and devastating the Islamic influence was, preceding the shrewd and sober Christian onslaught is revealed from the following article written by Muslim historian RIZWAN SALIM under the caption– ‘What the Invaders Really Did’ (Hindustan Times December 28,1997) :–
On the anniversary of the Babri Masjid demolition (December 6, 1992), it is important for Hindus (and Muslims) to understand the importance of the event in the context of Hindustan’s history, past and recent, present and the future. Savages at a very low level of civilization and no culture worth the name, from Arabia and west Asia, began entering India from the early eighth century onwards. Islamic invaders demolished countless Hindu temples, shattered uncountable sculptures and idols, plundered innumerable palaces and forts of Hindu kings, killed vast numbers of Hindu men and carried off Hindu women. This story, the educated– and a lot of even the illiterate Indians– know very well.History books tell it in remarkable detail. But many Indians do not seem to recognize that the alien Muslim marauders destroyed the historical evolution of the earth’s most mentally advanced civilization, the most richly imaginative culture, and the most vigorously creative society.
It is clear that India at the time when Muslim invaders turned towards it (8 to 11th century) was the earth’s richest region for its wealth in precious and semi-precious stones, gold and silver, religion and culture, and its fine arts and letters. Tenth century Hindustan was also too far advanced than its contemporaries in the East and the West for its achievements in the realms of speculative philosophy and scientific theorizing, mathematics and knowledge of nature’s workings. Hindus of the early medieval period were unquestionably superior in more things than the Chinese, the Persians (including the Sassanians), the Romans and the Byzantines of the immediate preceding centuries. The followers of Siva and Vishnu on this subcontinent had created for themselves a society more mentally evolved– joyous and prosperous too– than that had been realized by the Jews, Christians, and Muslim monotheists of the time. Medieval India, until the Islamic invaders destroyed it, was history’s most richly imaginative culture and one of the five most advanced civilizations of all times.
Look at the Hindu art that Muslim iconoclasts severely damaged or destroyed. Ancient Hindu sculpture is vigorous and sensual in the highest degree– more fascinating than human figural art created anywhere else on earth. (Only statues created by classical Greek artists are in the same class as Hindu temple sculpture). Ancient Hindu temple architecture is the most awe-inspiring, ornate and spell-binding architectural style found anywhere in the world. (The Gothic art of cathedrals in France is the only other religious architecture that is comparable with the intricate architecture of Hindu temples). No artist of any historical civilization has ever revealed the same genius as ancient Hindustan’s artists and artisans.
Their minds filled with venom against the idol-worshipers of Hindustan, the Muslims destroyed a large number of ancient Hindu temples. This is a historical fact, mentioned by Muslim chroniclers and others of the time. A number of temples were merely damaged and remained standing. But a large number– not hundreds but many thousands– of the ancient temples were broken into shreds of cracked stone. In the ancient cities of Varanasi and Mathura, Ujjain and Maheshwar, Jwalamukhi and Dwarka, not one temple survives whole and intact from the ancient times.
The wrecking of Hindu temples went on from the early years of the 8th century to well past 1700 AD, a period of almost 1000 years. Every Muslim ruler in Delhi (or Governor of Provinces) spent most of his time warring against Hindu kings in the north and the south, the east and the west: and almost every Muslim Sultan and his army commanders indulged in large-scale destruction of Hindu temples and idols.They also slaughtered a lot of Hindus. It is easy to conclude that virtually every Hindu temple built in the ancient times is a perfect work of art.
At so many ancient temples of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, for example, shattered portions of stone images still lie scattered in the temple courtyards.Considering the fury used on the idols and sculptures, the stone-breaking axe must have been applied to thousands upon thousands of images of hypnotic beauty. I have seen stones and columns of Hindu temples incorporated into the architecture of several mosques, including the Jama Masjid and Ahmed Shah Masjid in Ahmedabad; the mosque in the Uparkot fort of Junagadh (Gujarat) and in Vidisha (near Bhopal); the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra right next to the famous dargah in Ajmer-and the currently controversial Bhojshala “mosque” in Dhar (near Indore).The Muslims also plundered the wealth of the Hindu kingdoms, impoverished the Hindu populace, and destroyed the prosperity of Hindustan.”
“Gaze in wonder at the Kailas Mandir in the Ellora caves and remember that it is carved out of a solid stone hill, an effort that (inscriptions say) took nearly 200 years. This is art as devotion. The temple built by the Rashtrakuta kings (who also built the colossal sculpture in the Elephanta caves off Mumbai harbour) gives proof of the ancient Hindus’ religious fervor. But the Kailas temple also indicated a will power, a creative imagination, and an intellect eager to take on the greatest of artistic challenges.
The descendants of those who built the magnificent temples of Bhojpur and Thanjavur, Konark and Kailas, invented mathematics and brain surgery, created mind body disciplines (yoga) of astonishing power, and built mighty empires, would almost certainly have attained technological superiority over Europe.
It is not just for “political reasons” that Hindus want to build grand temples at the sites of the (wrecked) Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, the Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi, and the Mathura idgah. The efforts of religion- intoxicated and politically active Hindus to rebuild the Ram Mandir, the Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, and the Krishna Mandir are just three episodes in one-thousand year long Hindu struggle to reclaim their culture and religion from alien invaders.
The demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992 was just one episode in the millennial struggle of the Hindus to repossess their religion-centered culture and nation. Meanwhile, hundreds of ancient Hindu temples forsaken all over Hindustan await the reawakening of Hindu cultural pride to be repaired or rebuilt and restored to their original, ancient glory. ”(Jan 24, 2017– What Islamic Invaders really did to India– Muslim Historian Rizwan Saleem sets the record straight in The Hindustan Times by Tarek Fatah) …
2. The omniscient Rishis and scholars proficient in all fields undertook the assignment of maintaining a history through ages which was immortal and was sustained through millennia. The later scholars, poets and seers also created the ocean of Puranas, Itihasas, literature, laws– all based on holistic and philosophical realization and material facts making them immortal and free from bias. They covered the basics of creation, sustenance and destruction of Nature, and in word the ‘Will of the Creator’. Truth was reflected in all treaties and compilations in a holistic frame.
Lack of knowledge in Sanskrit and a fascination for English translated, nay distorted text along with erosion of educational system and social structure shrewdly pursued by the British, caused major discontinuance of teaching traditional Sanskrit and documentation of Indian history and culture to exert denationalizing influence in the minds of the English educated Indians.As a result, the illustrious history of glorious Indian economy, and overall superiority in every sphere of development of Indians due to the influence of Dharma started getting slowly obscured in their mind. In support we quote below some high lights from the book “India the Greatest Economy on Earth”, by Vivek Goyal, a Supreme Court lawyer.
1) Indian Education System was best. Takshasila and Nalanda were world famous universities. Nalanda had 9 million handwritten books and at present the largest library in India has only 2 million printed books. Apart from these there were a number of universities but all destroyed by invaders. School (Primary) education was also widespread which was destroyed by the British.
2) In the 1st century and 1000 AD India’s share in the world GDP was 32.9% and 28.9% respectively and India was ranked No.1. In 1500 AD India’s share in the world GDP was 24.5% and India was ranked No. 2 just below China which had GDP share of 25.0%. In 1700 AD India’s share in the world GDP was 24.4% and India was No. 1.
3) In 17th century England’s revenue was approximately 1 % of Indian revenue.
4) Entire gold of the world had only one destination that was India. Pliny in first century, Islamic historians (12th to 15th century), European travelers (16th to 19th century) and trade records of East India Company and Dutch East India Company have proved that the entire gold of the world was reaching India till 1856.
5) Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I is the richest known King on the earth. He had in his treasure 1200 crore dinars equal to 51000 tons of gold, apart from tons of diamonds, pearls, rubies and other gems.In present times the highest gold reserve is of USA i.e. 8000 tons while Chinese gold reserve is 1000 tons.
6) In early 14th century SHAHÁBU-D DÍN ABÚ-L ‘ABBÁS AHMAD stated, “As regards India, I have calculated that for the last three thousand years that country has not exported gold into other countries, and whatever has entered it has never come out again.Merchants of all countries never cease to carry pure gold into India, and to bring back in exchange commodities of herbs and gums.”
7) Report to Royal Statistical Society in 1856– “That state of external commerce of India suggests the reflections, that the industry of India is so active, and its products so much in demand, and its foreign wants comparatively so limited, that a large portion of its products must be paid for in bullion.”
8) Extensive international trade was going on for thousands of years, through more than 300 ports all around India’s coast line and caravan trade through Iran and Ottoman Empire.
9) Internal trade was even bigger with caravans of 20000 oxen even upto the 18th century.
10) Indian shipping industry was the best in the world till 1870’s. India was having ships of 2000 tons for centuries and the biggest ships of the British (in fact all Europeans) were around 500 tons. Number of ships was also huge. There were more than 40000 ships and vessels operating in Indus during Akbar’s regime.
11) India has been exporting textiles to the various parts of the world for more than 5000 years.
12) Till the 18th century India was the only source of diamonds in the entire world.All the historical diamonds are from India.
13) India was known to be the best source of pearls until the 18th century.
14) Banking has been going on in India from pre-historic period. In 1740’s the wealth of ‘House of Jagat Seth’ (Indian bankers) was more than the entire revenue of Britain. In 1680’s Virji Vohra (Indian banker) was the richest person of the world.
15) India has been richest throughout the human history because it always had the best education system, best science, best infrastructure, best human resource, and best entrepreneurship skills in the entire world.
16) Indian kings always invested on road infrastructure. The Royal Road (Grand Trunk Road) from Patliputra (Patna) to Takshasila was constructed by Chandra Gupt Maurya.
17) This great road which was developed by Chandragupta, along with the sea routes can be called the ‘Gold Route’ of India through which for last 2000 years all the gold of the world was coming to India constantly for the entire history till the British destroyed all the industry of India in the 19th century.
3. The above summary of the pristine glorious Indian economy as detailed by Mr. Goel in his book amply proves that India had always been an economic super power and world’s largest economy except during the last 200 years. (The statistics are supported by the research findings of Angus Maddison and OECD– Organisation For Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, The World Economy pp.263-64). However, without going into the details, it can be said, the British invaders looted the country for 200 years to such an extent that the word ‘loot’ was incorporated into the English dictionary.
4. Mr. Karan Thapar once mentioned in his speech that India is suffering from inferiority complex. On being asked for the reason he said, “I don’t know but it is there.”
… It is because India is not much aware of its real history and Economic history which is removed from the common education, says Vivek Goyal. (India the greatest economy)
5. Muslims destroyed innumerable temples but could not bring down the faith of Hindus.
During this period large number of saints and savants were born to reaffirm their faith in Sanatan Dharma. But the English rulers misled the Hindus through deliberate distortion by Macaulay’s education policy, brain washing of educated Indians in England by instilling faith in communism(e.g. Rajani Palm Dutt, Sri Jyoti Basu etc.) and inducing disgust in their heart against everything associated with Hinduism and Indian culture.
6. Recent scholars like George Feuerstein, Subhash Kak, David Frawley, Sitaram Goel, Angus Maddison and OECD – Organisation For Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, Vivek Goyel, Meenakshi Jain, and others are gradually probing deep into the ancient history which were diabolically damaged by the invaders and they are trying to restore the glorious cultural history of Hindus.
7. The present NDA Government at the centre should take expeditious steps to reorient the entire educational curriculum in schools and colleges by introducing the true economic, scientific and spiritual history of the land and liberate the youth from Atma vismriti and inferiority complex aimed to build character, boost happiness and ensure the real good of humanity.
Source: “Truth” Dated 19-05-2017 Vol:85 Issue:5 published by Shastra Dharma Prachar Sabha, 91, Chowringhee Road,Kolkata -700020